World Mental Health Day (World Mental Health Day) is celebrated worldwide since 1992 on the initiative of the World Federation for Mental Health (World Federation for Mental Health), in order to increase public awareness of mental health problems and ways to strengthen it, as well as prevention and treatment mental disorders.
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To this Day, celebrated annually on October 10, the thematic journals of international psychiatric organizations are published, appeals are sent to government structures and public health bodies calling for participation in the international movement.
The World Health Organization said that nowadays there are more than 450 million people on the planet who suffer from mental illness, every second person in the world has a chance to develop a psychiatric disorder throughout life. Most of them are people with borderline mental disorders. The most common mental illness is depression.
According to WHO forecasts, by 2020, it will take the first place among diseases for the duration of incapacity for work in the year. Currently, 26% of women and 12% of men suffer from depression. In the Western countries, every seventh person is either paranoid/schizophrenic, or subject to depression and alcoholism, which often results in the commission of crimes or suicide. Moreover, most people suffering from mental disorders do not have access to the necessary treatment. In addition, mental disorders are risk factors for the development of other diseases (HIV, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, etc.), as well as causing unintentional and intentional injuries.
Therefore, one of the main tasks of the World Mental Health Day is to reduce the prevalence of depressive disorders, schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, drug dependence, epilepsy, mental retardation.
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